Glossary of Terms
Abalone - Exquisite and rare pearl of strength, durability, and color-richness. Highly iridescent, metallic-like luster, smooth surface, and sensuous hues makes this pearl an extraordinary choice. The abalone pearl is created by the abalone mollusk native to the Pacific Coast and found in other cold-water regions. While the shell is also beautiful and popular, the pearl is rare. Each pearl, in nature, requires 8 to 10 years to develop, and each may be quite different in shape, size, and color. Matched sets, such as for earring pairs and for strings, must be painstakingly chosen. The beauty and uniqueness of abalone pearl will add savor and zest to your jewelry collection, and that little something special to your presence that will be noticeable.
Alexandrite - A lovely, durable stone perfect for rings and daily wear, with a curious and mercurial color ranging from emerald-green to ruby-red depending upon the type and intensity of light. Alexandrite is a rare variety of the mineral chrysoberyl forming when a curious combination of trace elements interacts. The stone is named for Czar Alexander II. Alexandrite was designated on the modern birthstone list as the birth gemstone for June. Alexandrite was designated on the modern birthstone list as the birth gemstone for June. This mysterious-like, gorgeously moody gemstone may be just the statement piece for you.
Amber - Organic and naturally beautiful, it warms under the touch and is said to relieve anxiety and discharge negative moods. Deliciously golden, this is a soft gem, formed by the fossilization of pine tree resin under intense heat and pressure over millions of years. Sometimes amber contains organic remnants of prehistoric insects or plants as they were trapped in the resin before it hardened into the gem of today. Interestingly, amber can also form into slightly different colors as well. The amber gemstone just may be the natural choice for you. How about delicious Butterscotch Amber or intriguing Russian Green Amber? Read about both further below.
Amethyst - Birth gemstone for February. An exquisite purple, the amethyst has been associated with royalty. A type of quartz crystal, the amethyst is believed by some to have healing qualities, inspire courage, and clear the mind. The majority of amethyst deposits come from Brazil and Uruguay. This optimistic gem is also the sixth and seventeenth wedding anniversary gemstone. The choice for Ancient Greeks and Romans, will the healing amethyst be your choice as well?
Ametrine - The Gemini of gems! The ametrine embodies the twin personalities of the amethyst and the citrine. Found in Bolivia, the ametrine features the purple color of healing amethyst as well as the sunshine glow of the citrine. Sound intriguing? While the color contrast is more pronounced in larger carats, this dual beauty is stunning in any size. A dynamic explosion of a gemstone.
Apatite - Glass-like and in many colors, this gemstone is a crystal which is believed by some to stimulate thought, focus, inner peace, and transmit healing earth energy. Appearing in many colors, including nearly every shade of blue imaginable, and even neon, the apatite crystal forms from minerals and is found in many countries including Tanzania, Madagascar, and Morocco. This glassy, inspirational gem will surely put a sparkle in your eye.
Aquamarine - The bright and energetic dazzle of this stunning "water of the sea" mineral gem is irresistible. All shades of the color of the sea and reflected sky are represented in different aquamarine gems, from light and clear to rich and deep. Aquamarines are formations of the mineral beryl and are found primarily in Brazil and Russia. These crystal gems are steeped in legend and thought to promote relaxation and stress relief. Aquamarine is the 19th wedding anniversary gem. Aquamarine was designated on the modern birthstone list as the birth gemstone for March. Gaze into an aquamarine and dream of paradise.
Aurora Borealis - Iridescent and mesmerizing, this gem is much like its namesake of the geomagnetic aurora borealis lights seen at the northern and southern hemispheres of earth. The gem shines with unique brilliance and luminescence. While the aurora borealis gem is man-made, invented by Manfred Swarovski in 1956, there is no denying the gem is a mirror of nature. Viewing this gem from different angles, you just might believe the colors are moving.
Aventurine - Used by the ancient Tibetans, this lucky gem has a shimmer named for itself – aventurescence. In fact, the gem’s name comes from the Latin word that means “by chance.” This quartz mineral gem is found in many colors, with the green tones said to harbor the most luck, and the blue tones associated with knowledge and strength. All aventurine gems are said to spark creativity and attract abundance. Naturally forming, aventurine gems may contain traces of other minerals and are the reason for the variation in colors, and are mostly found in India, but also in Russia, Spain and Chile. Aventurine may be the lucky choice for you.
Bar-bead - Design style popular for necklaces and bracelets. Alternating in some fashion, round beads are placed with bar-shaped links to form a chain or series. A lovely way to display a series of beads along with touches of shiny metal.
Bar-Set - Design style with the stones placed between two parallel bars and leaving the sides of the stones open. Many times, the bars, or lines, are free-flowing and naturally stylized into leaves or flowers.
Bezel-Set - Design style and method which secures a stone within a girdle of metal which is folded over the stone to hold it in place.
Birthstone - A stone or gem associated with a particular month and customarily worn by persons born during that month. Each birthstone is generally also associated with a mood or special properties. The traditional list of birthstones that is used in the United States today actually originated in Poland, although a modern or updated list was created in 1912 by the National Association of Jewelers. The traditional list is as follows: January = Garnet; February = Amethyst; March = Bloodstone; April = Diamond; May = Emerald; June = Pearl; July = Ruby; August = Sardonyx; September = Sapphire; October = Opal; November = Topaz; December = Turquoise and Lapis Lazuli.
Biwa Pearls - Specifically cultivated in Lake Biwa, Japan, these freshwater pearls can be in unusual shapes, such as rice-grain shape. Especially sought after now that the Biwa pearl cultivation is almost entirely ceased. Beautiful Biwas can be cream, peach, rose, even violet.
Blue Chalcedony - A stone of ethereal appearance with a perception of movement within the stone. Cool and serene, the crystal is actually formed under colossal heat. It is an unusual type of small-grained quartz. Many stones will feature a banding of blue shades, resembling river ripples and varying water depths. It is said to transform negative energy and promote restful sleep. This soothing stone deceptively strong and durable.
Blue Obsidian - A rare beauty of nature, this natural glass forms only under the tremendous circumstances when a silica-rich super-hot lava cools rapidly, too fast for crystal to form. It is said to energize the senses of the wearer. Mesmerizing color, liquid-like glass shine, this stone is addictive to the eye.
Blue Topaz - Brilliantly icy blue gem, interestingly named for the Greek word meaning fire. The gem is naturally formed by the presence of water or fluorine in igneous rocks. Mystically, the gems can be treated with a special heat to induce the blue color to develop into richer deeper hues. The most significant blue topaz is found in Madrid, Spain. Associated with royalty and revered by Egyptians, blue topaz is said to represent friendship, loyalty, and eternal romance. Blue topaz was designated on the modern birthstone list as a birth gemstone for December. You’ll not tire of the striking luster of the blue topaz.
Blue Zircon - Fiery blue zircon is known for its pure, unrequited sparkle and flashes of multicolored light due to its outstanding tendency to split white light into the spectral colors. Fascinating and brilliant, the naturally occurring zircon can be treated with intense heat, up to 1,8328 Fahrenheit, to intensify the gem’s color into the blue hue. Zircon is found in Burma, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Australia and Brazil. The blue zircon is said to heal stagnant energy and clear the mind. Blue zircon was designated on the modern birthstone list as a birth gemstone for December.
Butterscotch Amber - Along with all of the wonderful qualities of amber described further above, the delicious beauty of the butterscotch amber comes from its lovely milky-like tone. Looking at a butterscotch amber, you would almost expect the clouds to part within the glowing amber, as clouds do to reveal a glowing clear sky. Amber is natural pine resin that has hardened over millions of years. Each piece is a time-capsule and may even contain tiny pieces of flora or insect. Amber warms to the touch and is surprisingly light.
Bypass - Design style for rings, where delightfully the two sides of the ring band overlap or even crisscross each other rather than meet end to end or in a straight line. A graceful design for a featured-stone ring.
Cabochon - Shaping style for a stone or gem which is polished and shaped, rather than cut and faceted. A traditional method used prior to the development of gem-cutting tools, and still used today to feature beauty and shapes created by nature.
Carats - The weight of a diamond or gemstone is measured in carats. Five carats are equal to one gram. Abbreviated as “ct”. The term can describe one diamond or gem, or represent the combined, or total weight, of more than one together, such as in a ring.
Carnelian - Richly colored, vibrant mineral stone formed of small-grained quartz and is of the chalcedony variety. Fiery shades of red, orange, brown, and even pink make the Carnelian perfect for ornamental jewelry such as pendants, cameos, and carvings. Carnelian stones are said to help circulate vital energy. In ancient times, carnelian stones were worn to lower blood pressure and calm tempers. A gaze into a carnelian is akin to gazing into a warm burning fire.
Cartouche - Design style dating back to the ancient Egyptians which is typically in the shape of a vertical oval and letters or symbols within representing a name. A cartouche was worn by the Egyptians an amulet of protection of the person named in the cartouche. A personalized design you can wear today that represents both history and beautiful design.
Channel-Set - Design style which beautifully displays a series of gemstones set closely together to maximize sparkle and color. The gemstones are lined up along a groove, or channel, with parallel walls on either side.
Citrine - Lemony- or orangey-colored gem, clear as day and sparkling with sunlight, the citrine is crystalline quartz that gets its color from traces of iron within its crystal structure. Appearing as fresh as fruit, the citrine is said to be energizing and stimulating. Citrine was designated on the modern birthstone list as a birth gemstone for November. Citrine is the 13th wedding anniversary gem.
Comfort Fit - Clever design style with the inside edge convex, or rounded, to help reduce pinching and to increase comfort so you can wear your ring for longer stretches of time.
Coral - Precious, natural coral from the sea, polished for shine and often into beads, will have you reminiscing of sea-side moments and thinking of oceans teeming with life. In fact, coral has been called the “sea’s garden.” Coral, the calcified structures left behind by living coral, can exist in many shades, and is said to represent transformation and was even worn by Ancient Egyptians and Romans.
Cubic Zirconia - Flawless with its irresistible sparkle and clarity, the cubic zirconia is a diamond by another name. Cubic zirconia, although a rare mineral in nature, can be synthesized, or man-made, and although physically and chemically different from an actual diamond, has all of the dazzling optical qualities of a diamond at a fraction of the cost. The cubic zirconia has no impurities present, as a does a diamond.
Cultured Pearls - Natural and organic, cultured pearls are wonderfully iridescent and smooth. A real pearl, the altogether lovely, cultured pearl is grown within the oyster while in the care, or culture, of a pearl farmer. Cultured pearls form in a rainbow variety of pastel colors such as lavender, pink, golden, and even blue and silver.
Cushion-Cut - Gem-shape style where the gem is shaped, or cut, into a square and the corners are rounded. A popular cut since the 18th century, this pillow-shaped style has a distinct romantic appearance and brilliance.
Diamond - Rare, highly-prized, the diamond is the gem of all gems. Not only exceptionally brilliant, but also the hardest naturally occurring substance known. The fiery diamond has the highest refractive index of any natural mineral. Interestingly, the diamond is also the greatest conductor of heat. Diamonds are so rare because that are from a tremendous temperature while also under unbelievable pressure miles and miles underneath earth’s surface. It’s hard to believe diamonds are actually crystallized carbon! A rarity of nature, everyone should have a lovely diamond as a friend.
Diamond Accent - A collection of small diamonds within a single piece of jewelry. Altogether the collective weight of the diamonds is less than 1/4 carat. A wonderful way to spread the sparkle while keeping the cost efficient.
Ebony - Rich, natural, organic ebony is a fascinating dense wood that has a mirror finish when polished. Interestingly, ebony wood is so dense it will sink in water. Used by Ancient Egyptians, ebony was used for beautiful ornamental carvings and jewelry, and has been found in many tombs. Ebony even used for musical instruments. The unique beauty and density of ebony makes it both useful and well as art worthy. Ebony is indigenous to Africa. Ebony is indeed a wonderful conversation piece, unique and full of legendary qualities.
Emerald - Birth gemstone for May. Cleopatra had a passion for the emerald, with its breathtaking green and depth of color. The emerald is said to represent loyalty, integrity, growth, and abundance. The name in its original language means “the green of growing things.” The unique green of the emerald is due to the presence of chromium and vanadium during formation of the mineral and is what sets this fascinating gem apart from other beryl minerals. Emerald is the 20th and 25th wedding anniversary gem.
Emerald-Cut - Gem-shape style where the gem is shaped, or cut, into a rectangle and the corners are cropped, and the underside has a series of straight linear facets. A popular cut to add stability and prevent fractures. This style has a distinct clarity and provides a large reflective surface that showcases a stone’s color and depth.
Eternity - Design style which breathtakingly displays a series of gemstones in continuous rows that completely encircle the piece. Particularly popular for rings, this style of never-ending line of identically cut stones symbolizes everlasting love.
Eurowire - A wonderfully comfortable, rounded, smooth wire used in jewelry-making, particularly for pierced-style earrings because of the wire’s thinness and strength.
Filigree - Design style of lace-like ornamental patterns that appear intertwined and woven into the jewelry piece. Flirty and dynamic, filigree designs may mimic twists, braids, and vines to add interest and softness.
Freshwater Pearl - Organic and natural, freshwater pearls form inside living shells found in lakes and rivers and other bodies of fresh water. Freshwater pearls form into a variety of colors and shapes and have a natural growth pattern of concentric rings. The seldom perfectly round shape is what makes each freshwater pearl lovely and dear for its own unique shape.
Garnet - Birth gemstone for January. Glassy and stunning, the garnet is known for its extraordinarily rich red color, although garnets can be of other colors as well, depending on the chemistries present at the time the mineral is formed. Garnets are lured to aid in curing depression and were traded as gifts among friends to insure they meet again. Garnet is the 2nd wedding anniversary gem.
Gaspeite - Rare, this green-apple or neon green gem was first discovered on the Gaspe Peninsula of Quebec, Canada, and now mostly comes from Australia. The happy and bright green color of gaspeite is due to a high nickel content at the time of the forming of the mineral. Gaspeite has delightful veining, giving the mineral wonderful character, and making each jewelry piece unique. Gaspeite is lored to aid in regulating blood sugar, and to boost the immune system. No wonder ancient civilizations used it to represent bravery in battle. The stone makes for outstanding carvings and shapes. A bright and cheery must-have for any collection.
Gold - Both an element and a mineral, gold is the most malleable and ductile substance known, and resistant to tarnish and solvents. No other element has more uses than gold. The purity of gold is measured in karats (symbolized with “k”), with 24 being the purest, and also the softest. The Pharaohs of Egypt prized gold, not only for its malleability and uses, but for its beauty and purity.
Gold Electroplate - Method of jewelry making in which gold is applied, like a topcoat, over a base metal such as brass or copper, in a thin layer by electrolysis. This provides for a jewelry piece that is less malleable, or prone to misshape over time. A fantastic alternate to a more solid gold that is also more affordable.
Gold over Silver - Specific type of gold electroplate where the gold is applied over sterling silver. This specific method is also known as gold vermeil (pronounced ver-may). This type of electroplating is ideal for jewelry worn by persons who may have sensitivity to other metals such as brass or copper.
Goldtone - Describes jewelry bearing the lovely luster of 14k gold but containing no actual gold metal or electroplate. Perfect for affordable-priced jewelry.
Greek Key - Design style motif of the Ancient Greeks, easily recognizable with its banding of repeating geometric links. This pattern is found on buildings, decorative art, clothes, and jewelry. An intriguing design symbolizing the unbreakable bonds of love, friendship and devotion.
Green Sapphire - This magnificent gem is the second densest gemstone known, with its color coming from the presence of iron. With its subtle hues of blues and yellowish green, it is easy to see why this stone is known as the stone of tranquility. Interestingly, the clearest and evenly colored green sapphires are considered to be the best. The green sapphire has been associated by some as stirring compassion and understanding. This gemstone has risen in popularity for non-traditional engagement rings.
Gun Metal - Type of finish producing a distinctive darker shade than traditional stainless steel, achieved by electroplating an alloy of copper, tin, and zinc over a base metal, and subjecting to treatment to form an oxide coating. The finish stands up to corrosion from steam and saltwater. This finish is both handsome and durable and is increasing in popularity.
Hematite - Abundant, hematite is a hard oxide mineral, prized for high iron content and metallic sheen. Hematite is said to provide grounding and protection. It is effective in stopping X-rays and used for radiation protection in the medical and scientific fields. This marvelous, reflective stone is not only useful, but also robust and personable.
Howlite - This lovely mineral forms in peculiarly shaped crystals, similar to a flowerhead or cauliflower. White to light-colored and powdery appearing, howlite may have quirky streaks of black or gray veining. Howlite has been believed by some to aid in overcoming self-criticism. The gem is named for its discoverer, Henry How, and geologist and mineralogist.
Huggie-Style - Design style for earrings providing for extra security and stability. The style upgrades the traditional pierced earring to include a hinged clip that secures against the post to hold the earring closed. This style not only provides a more secure closure, but also provides for easier and quicker on-off.
Imperial Jade - Highly valued, coveted by the Far Eastern elite, milky-green imperial jade is durable and well-suited for intricate carvings. Imperial jade is commonly regarded as a symbol of status, purity, and good health. It has also been thought by some to heighten cheerfulness. Imperial jade has an even, bright green color and a high degree of translucency. Curiously, imperial jade is formed of interlocking microcrystals, and no two pieces have the same crystalline structure, like snowflakes. Imperial jade is magnificently smooth, almost addictively satisfying to the touch.
Imported - Describes an item or item part made in another country and then brought to the United States. Typically, imported items are labeled or described by the country of origin. Collecting imported items can be a fun way to virtually travel, feel connected to other cultures, and memorialize travels actually taken.
Jade - Highly lustrous when polished, the jade mineral can form in a wide range of colors, including green, lilac, white, and others. Jade is well known for its ornamental use in Asian art. As with Imperial Jade described further above, the incredibly smooth texture of jade is addictive to the touch. It is said to recharge energy.
Jasper - Opaque, and often spotted or mottled, jasper is a chalcedony quartz formed in a variety of colors and known for its unique color patterns. Jasper symbolizes strength and stamina. No two jasper stones will be the exactly the same, making it a great stone to collect in many colors and shapes.
Lab-Created/Created - Describes a gem or stone that is intentionally made by human intervention, rather than in the earth by nature. Lab-created gems and stones are identical in composition to natural ones, however, with fewer flaws. Lab-created gems and stones are a phenomenal way to affordably build a gemstone collection.
Lapis Lazuli - A birth gemstone for December. Vibrant, violet-blue, and sometimes accentuated with golden flecks of pyrite, lapis lazuli has been prized for antiquity. The confident color of lapis lazuli is captivating and is said to be useful in meditation and a symbol of wisdom and truth. Lapis lazuli is composed of a variety of minerals. Each stone has its own impressive and pleasing character. A charming addition to any collection.
Lavender Jade - This regal but gentle shade of jade stone has been often associated with royalty and the empowers of ancient China. It has been referred to as the stone of the angels and is said emanate pure energy and compassion. The gentle lavender color comes from the manganese, iron, nickel and vanadium minerals that form it. Refreshing to the spirit to behold.
Leverback - Design style of earrings with a spring-loaded closure which secures the earring to the earlobe, ensuring stability and allowing for added comfort.
Lolite - Rich, violet-blue lolite is fascinating not only for its intense color, but also because as it is turned or moved gently through the light variation in color and the crystal directions can be seen. Lolite is lored to aid in soothing migraines. Lustrous and transparent, lolite must be cut by the jeweler taking into account the orientation of the crystal directions so as to best feature the colors and reflections. Lolite is the 21st wedding anniversary gem.
London Blue Topaz - A deeper, richer and noticeably darker color of the blue topaz. The shade of blue has been described as steely. The blue color is actually a result of exposure to a nuclear reactor. London blue topaz is a market favorite with its intense clarity and brilliant luster.
Mabe - Describes a shape of pearls or certain opaque gemstone which are hemispherical, or dome-shaped, rounded on one side but flat on the other. Pearls form into the mabe shape when they become attached to the shell, rather than embedded in the meat of the oyster or mollusk.
Malachite - Dynamically patterned green stone, your eye will want to follow every curve and ring. It is easy to see why malachite has been associated with lush life and nature. The rich green colors of malachite come from copper present when it is formed. Stunning when polished, malachite is used in jewelry and sculptures, and also is ground for use as a pigment for green paints. The color is that stunning!
Marcasite - Metallic-like in color, marcasite has been used for jewelry by the Incas and Ancient Greeks. It is actually the identical composition as pyrite just in a different crystal structure formed in acidic waters in sedimentary rock. Marcasite is believed by some to be energizing. Its pleasing metallic sheen makes marcasite a warm and welcome addition to any collection.
Marquise-Cut - Gem shape that is both classy and absolutely gorgeous, allowing for a large surface area creating the illusion of a greater size. The shape is an elongated oval, pointed at the ends, and curved along the sides. Interestingly, this style can also give the illusion of longer, slimmer fingers when worn as a ring.
Milgrain - Design style that has edges shaped into a fine edging to form an ornamental border.
Moonstone - With a sheen light the moon, this mineral stone has an almost ethereal appearance with iridescence that seems liquid-like. When light falls upon a moonstone, the light blazes in many directions. Captivating and dynamic, you will find yourself gazing into the moonstone.
Mother-of-Pearl - Beautiful mineral created by oysters and abalones as an inner-shell layer, mother of pearl is strikingly iridescent, with colors seeming to move in the light. Because it is thin, it is used for inlays in jewelry and in wooden furniture and instruments to add a classy decorative touch.
Mystic Fire Topaz - A gem of kaleidoscopic colors, the mystic fire topaz is a white topaz enhanced with a treatment, or coating, giving it the brilliance and reflections of many colors at once. With its high clarity, the mystic fire topaz represents a lustrous blend of nature and technology. A gem of today.
Navette - Gem shape that is remiscent of the marquise-shape, but actually set with many smaller stones. An elegant, classy shape, which is sometimes used interchangeably with the marquise shape.
Onyx - Seductive with its black and white banding, onyx has a subtle sheen that gives depth to the deep color. Onyx can have bandings with hints of other colors. It was cut and carved by Ancient Greeks and Romans into cameos. Onyx is lored to promote vigor and stamina. This insightful mineral makes a stunning statement piece.
Opal - Birth gemstone for October. Who can resist the iridescent charm of the opal? This gem is a mineral formed of tiny spheres and cause the colors to seem to flash as the gem is moved slightly in the light. Opal is said to boost creativity. It was formed as a product of seasonal rains in dry-ground areas such as the outback of Australia. This special gem is a must-have for any jewelry collection.
Paua Shell - Brilliantly iridescent, the shell of the Paua abalone is akin to mother of pearl and comes from New Zealand. The colors ablaze on the Paua shell will not cease to amaze you. Paua shell tends to be richer and deeper in color than the mother of pearl. This natural jewelry of nature will add excitement to your collection and spark interest each time it is worn.
Pavé - Design style that has the entire surface of the piece covered, or paved, by a field of closely-set stones, typically in rows. The prongs or beads holding the stones in place are barely visible, giving the illusion of a sea of stones.
Peach Moonstone - An enchanting shade of moonstone, this pleasantly peach-toned stone gets its color naturally from a higher content of aluminum when formed. The banding and varying peach tones within a stone can almost make a peach moonstone look like delicious candy. The peach moonstone is believed by some to be the ultimate stone of emotional comfort.
Pearl (Cultured) - Birthstone for June. Natural and organic, cultured pearls are wonderfully iridescent and smooth. A real pearl, the altogether lovely, cultured pearl is grown within the oyster while in the care, or culture, of a pearl farmer. Cultured pearls form in a rainbow variety of pastel colors such as lavender, pink, golden, and even blue and silver.
Pearl (Freshwater) - Birthstone for June. Organic and natural, freshwater pearls form inside living shells found in lakes and rivers and other bodies of fresh water. Freshwater pearls form into a variety of colors and shapes and have a natural growth pattern of concentric rings. The seldom perfectly round shape is what makes each freshwater pearl lovely and dear for its own unique shape.
Peridot - Shining like a beam of energy, the intense yellow-green peridot is known as the stone for happiness and light-hearted times. In fact, the Ancient Egyptians call the peridot the gem of the sun! Peridot crystals are found in meteorites. The peridot has what is called the gem-world, an extremely high double refraction, referring to the extraordinary sparkle when the peridot’s facets are viewed closely. An extreme gem.
Picasso Marble - Imagining what marble might look like if Picasso created the designs in it should give you a great idea of how striking and stunning this marble is. Picasso marble can be in dramatic combinations of colors. Blacks, grays, whites – each color appearing almost as brushstrokes. It is a type of jasper stone. Its smooth feel can be calming to the touch. Picasso marble is said to be sustaining during times of stress and strengthen self-control.
Picture Chalcedony - Art in a stone, picture chalcedony is worthy of framing. Delightful banding, multicolor, and interesting patterns make this microcrystalline stone unique no matter how many pieces you have. Picture chalcedony forms in many colors so you could start a collection within your jewelry collection.
Pink Sapphire - Pale pink to magenta, pink sapphires are rarer than rubies, and the rarest shade of sapphire. The presence of chromium during the formation of the sapphire brings about the pink shades. Many come from Madagascar and East Africa. This charming gem surely have you feeling pretty in pink.
Platinum - Prestigious platinum is a highly appealing metal for use in jewelry as it is not only beautiful, but like gold, it does not oxidize, and like silver, it is highly malleable and easy to shape. The silverly color and shine of platinum is alluring and lasting. A rare metal, platinum is a scrumptious companion to any stone or gem.
Princess-Cut - Gem shape that is graceful with square sides and precise corners. This shape yields the maximum from the rough gem. The underside of the gem is usually an inverted pyramid-shape which allows for the gem’s secure seat in its mount. The style is actually modern, despite the timeless look. Clean and classy.
Quartz Movement - Did you know that the quartz crystal creates a frequency? It does! And it is consistent, which makes it perfect for use in watches as a regulator for the oscillator that controls the watch’s movement. The quartz remains consistent even through temperative fluctuations. Quartz allows for more simplistic mechanical workings, and more reliable, consistent timekeeping. A quartz movement watch makes use of nature’s unfailing energy.
Rainbow Moonstone - Ethereal seeming, rainbow moonstone will gleam multi-colored iridescence in your eye. With a milky semi-transparent whitish color, paired with its iridescence, the rainbow moonstone seems like a prism diffusing energy. Feminine and alluring, rainbow moonstone will soothe the soul and eye of both wearer and beholder.
Recrystallized Sapphires, Rubies and Emeralds – Fascinatingly, the tiny pieces cut-off or remaining after a gem is shaped from the rough gem are powdered and dissolved, and then allowed under precise controls to re-grow, or recrystallize, producing a real gemstone. Generally, the recrystallized gems contain fewer impurities and flaws than non-recrystallized gems. A genius blend of human technology and nature. With a recrystallized gem you will be wearing an extraordinary piece shining ever brighter for all it has gone through.
Rhodolite - Passionately colored, dazzling and unmistakable rholodites are purple-red garnets whose color will seep into your soul. The name, rholodite, is based on a Greek word that means “rose-like.” Extraordinary brilliance, coupled with glowing color makes rholodite a cherished choice.
Rose Quartz - Pink could not be more perfect than that of rose quartz. Although the shade varies from piece to piece, you’ll never tire of the satisfying and alluring color that is subtly ablaze in this perfect-pink quartz mineral gem.
Ruby - Birth gemstone for July. Its name comes from the Latin word that literally means “red.” Blazing red, the ruby gemstone cannot be mistaken with its glowing rich color coupled with brilliant clarity. The ruby’s color is brought about by the presence of chromium during the mineral’s formation. Rubies are rare, highly prized, and have been described by the ancients as having an inner fire that cannot be extinguished. In the middle ages, the ruby was worn in battle as it was thought to impart invulnerability to the wearer.
Russian Green AmberOrganic and natural, this wonderful color of amber has a green color that seems teaming with life energy. As with any amber, some pieces may contain tiny bits of organic material from millions of years ago when the amber was formed from the sap of trees. Varying from glass-clear to seeming to contain mini-fireworks, and from light bright green to deep green, Russian green, amber will have you connecting with eons of nature.
Ryolite - Formed deep within the earth, ryolite is a type of volcanic rock, and similar to granite with intriguing patterns resembling flowers and whimsical bubbles, or bandings and shadings that either blend or contract. Ryolite is a naturally formed blending of quartz and other minerals. Ryolite is lored to facilitate change and progress. Cheerful and uplifting to behold.
Sapphire - Sapphire – Birth gemstone for September. The most precious and valuable blue gemstone, the sapphire has all of the best qualities. Superb color, luscious luster, and durability make the sapphire exceptionally desirable. Sapphires form in a range of colors, so don’t be surprised if you see a yellow one, or a lilac one. Moreover, sapphires have a lovely way of changing the color you see depending on the angle you view the sapphire. Sapphire is the 5th and 45th wedding anniversary gem.
Sardonyx - Birth gemstone for August. A complex stone with alternating layers, parallel bands, and exquisite color. The banding is due to two variations of the mineral chalcedony. Particularly unique with sharp contract between the layers, this stone is lored to bring order in the life of the wearer.
Scarab - Design style mimicking the unmistable shape of a beetle, which was prominent in ancient Egypt as a symbol of vitality, eternal life and protection. The design can be simply in a beetle-shape generally, or incorporate a carving of a beetle, or in a more distinct beetle shape.
Silvertone - Describes jewelry bearing the lovely luster of actual silver but containing no actual silver metal or electroplate. Perfect for affordable-priced jewelry.
Sky Blue Topaz - A lighter shade of the icy blue topaz gem. Gazing into the sky-blue topaz, you’ll get lost in thought about water, wind and clear-sky days. Breathtaking and somehow liberating, the sky-blue topaz has a fire-and-ice kind of brilliance you’ll never tire of. Blue topaz was designated on the modern birthstone list as a birth gemstone for December.
Smoky Quartz - Perfectly named, smoky quartz will not disappoint with its transparent, deep earthly color. With shades ranging from light grayish brown to almost black, this quartz gets its color from its proximity to natural radiation at the time of its forming. Smoky quartz is the national stone of Scotland. Known as the Stone of Power, it is not unusual for smoky quartz to be shaped into large gems. This alluring stone will captivate all who admire it.
Sodalite - Charismatic, rich blue interspersed with radiant white highlights in a marble-like pattern, the sodallite mineral was formed with the presence of sodium. Whimsical and delightful, this rare blue stone was thought by some to enhance the ability to communicate. Sodalite does form in other colors, with blue being the most popular and the white streaks being a common characteristic. Sodalite will delightfully fluoresce under ultraviolet light.
Spiney Oyster - Shelled sea creature that forms its shell with wonderful quill-like extrusions, or spines, which give the shell a frilly yet intimidating appearance. The shell and spine color can be pink, red, brown, solid or shaded. The resulting stone can be in whimsical, bright patterns, or more subtle patterns, and has been used for jewelry-making by Native Americans and even in ancient times. Spiney oyster stone has a texture much like coral, and pairs well with turquoise and other stones.
Sterling Silver - Silver metal, pure, combined with a strengthening metal, with the silver no less than 92.5% of the metal makeup. The strengthening metal, which composes the other 7.5%, is typically copper although zinc and nickel are sometimes used as well. The beautiful sterling silver alloy is more resistant to tarnish than pure silver, making it a great choice for wearable jewelry.
Sugilite - Grape-jelly purple, this natural land delicious-looking mineral stone is opaque and has a high content of silicone and manganese. Sugilite was first discovered in Japan and is named after its discoverer, Ken-ichi Sugi, although now most pieces come from South Africa from within the deep manganese mines. Sugilite is lored to be energy-giving. You’ll constantly marvel at the luscious purple of the suglite.
Sunset Rose Topaz - A splurge of fabulous color radiates from the sunset rose topaz which is aptly named for its cheery rose color every bit as lovely as the flower. With all of the alluring qualities of topaz, the sunset rose color is romantic, fresh, and full of never-ending sparkle.
Sunstone - In this translucent golden colored gem, you can almost see the flares and sparks of sunrays exploding in the light. In the gem-world, the sunstone has a character called “aventuresecence” which refers to the sunstone’s luster and reflective qualities. Sunstone is not common in jewelry stores, and many jewelry buyers have never witnessed this wonder aventuresence. Once you see it, you’ll want to gaze into this blazing gem time and time again.
Swiss Blue Topaz - Special color of the blue topaz, and every bit as icey, with just the right blue shade to remind you of the vivid blue of clear ocean water. Brighter than aquamarine, lighter than cobalt blue, this electric-colored gem shines with a breathtaking brilliance.
Tanzanite - Intense violet-blue, translucent and deep, the tanzanite will mesmerize you with its ability to show different colors when viewed from different directions. Tanzanite can be found only in one place on earth, near Mount Kilimanjaro, with its blue color attributable to small amounts of vanadium. Tanzanite was designated on the modern birthstone list as a birth gemstone for December. This rare and valuable mineral gem provides a window into the exotic.
Tiger's-Eye - Unmistakable golden banding of yellows and brown that glint with light, highly polished, you’ll see immediately why this stone is perfectly named. The coloring has a certain presence and brilliance that seems to move back and forth in the light. The stone is a fibrous quartz and has long been thought to bring good lush and prosperity. The tigers-eye stone, because of its curious effects in the light, has been called the “shapeshifter".
Total Weight - Represents the amount, or weight, of the gems all together, a total sum or gross, rather than each gem individually. Total weight is abbreviated as “T.W.”
Tritone - Describes a jewelry piece styled with three distinct shades of gold. A lovely choice that is different, yet classy.
Turquoise - Brilliantly colored and opaque stone, the turquoise has been used in jewelry-making for eons. With blue-green coloring, it is reminiscent of the ocean and sky. Turquoise is said to bring good energy. With its striking banding and mottling, it is no wonder turquoise has been a favorite among many civilizations.
Tutone/Two-tone - Describes jewelry pieces styled using two different metal types within the same piece. For example, 10k gold and sterling silver makes a piece versatile to go with any outfit and adds character.
Ultra-Cut - Design style with intricately cut, multi-faceted surfaces, creating a unique, sparkling effect when light reflects off its surface.
Warranty - You may obtain the complete written manufacturer's warranty for warranted products, free. Specify the product name and write to: Warranty Information, 6400 East Rogers Circle, Boca Raton, FL 33499. (A copy of the written warranty is also enclosed with the merchandise.)
Warranty Information - You may obtain the complete written manufacturer's warranty for warranted products, free. Specify the product name and write to: Warranty Information, 6400 East Rogers Circle, Boca Raton, FL 33499. (A copy of the written warranty is also enclosed with the merchandise.) (A copy of the written warranty is also enclosed with the merchandise.)
White Quartz - Clear and brilliant, this quartz gemstone has been said to hold the energy of bright light. White quartz is durable, and a great choice as a diamond substitute. It is said to access collective wisdom. A radiant must-have.
White Topaz - Symbolizing love and hope, the radiance of white topaz, together with all of the qualities of topaz in general, have made this stone a popular diamond substitute. With icy reflections and brilliant glimmer, this incredibly clear natural gem, perfectly transparent, is the purest form of topaz.
Wyoming Jade - Lucky-colored green Wyoming jade was originally discovered in Wyoming and is now the official state gemstone of Wyoming. This stone can actually be in various shades of green, ranging from near-white to very dark, with each shade earthy and rich, and its color dependent upon the amount of iron present during its formation. Thought by many to bring luck in attracting love.